And while a major trade agreement seems unlikely on this trip, Trump was more than happy to bask in the type of adulation that doesn’t typically follow him when he travels abroad.
It was all an elaborate display meant to illustrate just how close Trump and Modi are, or at least how close they want to world to believe they are. At regular intervals throughout New Delhi and Ahmedabad, larger-than-life images of the two men are plastered on signs and posts. One declared: “Two dynamic personalities, one momentous occasion.”
Both men heaped praise on the other during a massive “Namaste Trump” rally in the world’s largest cricket stadium, held in Modi’s home state.
A massive throng, all wearing white caps, cheered eagerly as Trump praised Indian democracy, Modi and Bollywood (sometimes using haltingly pronounced Hindi nouns). The crowd appeared to thin somewhat as temperatures increased inside the stadium, but tens of thousands remained to hear the President speak.
Trump made some veiled nudges toward maintaining India’s historic status as a pluralistic society, which some could view in the context of recent moves Modi’s critics say are moving toward anti-Muslim Hindu nationalism.
“Your nation has always been admired around the earth as the place where millions upon millions of Hindus and Muslims and Sikhs and Jains worship side by side in harmony,” Trump said.
But the US president also offered a robust defense of using immigration controls to prevent what he calls “radical Islamic terrorism,” bolstering some of Modi’s hardline views.
“Every nation has the right to secure and controlled borders,” he said. “The United States and India are committed to working together to stop terrorists and fight their ideology.”
Trump peppered his speech with applause lines, guaranteeing his crowd roared with approval when he named famous Indian cricketers or listed the titles of a few Bollywood films.
He mounted praise on Modi, calling him a “true friend” and an “exceptional leader” whose rise to leadership as the son of a tea seller was an example of the country’s “limitless potential.”
The whole event took on the atmosphere of one of Trump’s political rallies, complete with the Elton John playlist. And that, aides say, is what Trump was looking for when he agreed to travel 8,000 miles for a night in India: an uproarious reception and the biggest crowd he’s ever drawn.
Before arriving in the crowds of people, Trump emerged from Air Force One to an embrace from Modi while traditional folk music from Gujarat state — complete with blowing conch shells and persistent drumming — began echoing. Women with rainbow flower strands stacked atop their headdresses danced to the rhythm.
“To my great friend, thank you for this wonderful visit,” Trump wrote in the site’s guest book.
He flew from Ahmedabad to Agra, where he took an early evening tour of the Taj Mahal, the late-afternoon sun setting the famous white marble mausoleum aglow.
Standing in front of the iconic symbol of lasting love — which he’d never visited previously, despite naming one of his Atlantic City casinos after it — the President stood hand-in-hand with the first lady declaring the site “truly incredible.”
Before he arrived, Trump placed his expected crowd count for his “Namaste Trump” rally in the range of 6 to 10 million, but given the city’s population of 8 million and the stadium’s capacity of 110,000, those figures seemed high.
Whatever the final number, the crowd was massive, including along Trump’s motorcade route, where thousands of hand-selected members of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party welcomed him into Ahmedabad in India’s northwest.
Trump will spend several hours with Modi, whom he describes as a friend. There are plenty of surface-level similarities between the men, like a penchant for populist nationalism and ardent followings. But their backgrounds differ vastly and they hold divergent economic views.
“That’s not too much,” he said on Sunday.
The real work takes place Tuesday, when Trump and Modi are expected to haggle over a festering trade dispute and discuss security-related matters.
On trade, Trump has insisted that US trade deficits be reduced and has used harsh tactics like tariffs to achieve his goals. After he applied stiff new tariffs on steel and aluminum, India responded by placing new duties on medical devices and farm products. The US then stripped India of special trade status meant for developing countries.
Trump has all but ruled out striking a grand trade deal on this trip. He said in his speech the US and India would make “very, very major” trade agreements but that they remain in the early stages. Modi, he joked, is a “very tough negotiator.”
Trump did announce billions in new defense sale agreements, which the US hopes will lure India away from purchasing its hardware from Russia.
US administration officials also say Trump plans to confront Modi over troubling steps that amount to Democratic backsliding, like a new law that denies citizenship to Muslims. And Trump’s offer still stands to help mediate an ongoing dispute over Kashmir between India and Pakistan, though Modi has essentially rejected his overtures.
This story has been updated with additional reporting.